It was already known that the vagus nerve, a nerve in the neck, controls the release of molecules called cytokines, which promote inflammation in many disease conditions. However, up until now, it was unknown if each type of cytokine was sending its own specific information about inflammation and immunity to the brain. In Dr. Zanos’ study, he successfully decoded the neural signaling of two cytokines – IL-1β and TNF – in the vagus nerve of mice and found that each cytokine triggered their own specific response signal.
“These results show that it is possible to detect specific cytokine signaling from the body’s receptors to the brain, through electrical signals in the vagus nerve,” said Dr. Zanos, lead author of the PNAS paper. “We will now use the neural decoding methods from this study to identify the neural signaling of a variety of medical conditions in future bioelectronic medicine studies. This is a key step to provide insights to engineer cutting-edge diagnostic and therapeutic devices.”
Bioelectronic medicine is an emerging field of medicine which combines neuroscience, molecular biology and bioengineering to tap into the nervous system to treat disease and injury without the use of pharmaceuticals. Conditions identified as benefitting from bioelectronic medicine therapies include rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn’s disease, diabetes, paralysis and lupus.
“Dr. Zanos’ findings are a major discovery in the field of bioelectronic medicine,” said Kevin J. Tracey, MD, president and CEO of the Feinstein Institute. “We have long known that the nervous system communicates with the body. We can now learn the language by which it communicates, which enables us to fine tune how we help the body heal itself.”
About the Feinstein Institute
The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research is the research arm of Northwell Health, the largest healthcare provider in New York. Home to 50 research laboratories and to clinical research throughout dozens of hospitals and outpatient facilities, the Feinstein Institute includes 4,000 researchers and staff who are making breakthroughs in molecular medicine, genetics, oncology, brain research, mental health, autoimmunity, and bioelectronic medicine – a new field of science that has the potential to revolutionize medicine. For more information about how we empower imagination and pioneer discovery, visit FeinsteinInstitute.org.
Contact: Heather E. Ball Mayer
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SOURCE The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research